- Scholarly Journals are written by and for scholars, researchers, and professionals in a particular field. Their purpose is to review, report, and make available original research, experimentation, and information. Articles in these journals go through a peer-review or refereed process before publication. Sources are always formally cited.
- Professional Trade Journals are often considered scholarly journals. These journals are written for people working in a particular profession and articles may or may not go through a peer-review or refereed process before publication. Sources are usually cited.
- Popular Magazines are written to appeal to the general public. Their purpose is to inform and/or entertain. Sources may be mentioned but are not formally cited.
|Criteria||Scholarly Journals||Popular Magazines|
|Purpose||Review, report, and make available original research, experimentation, and information||Inform and/or entertain|
|Authors & Audience||Written by and for scholars, researchers, and professionals in a particular field||Written by magazine staff or free-lance writers for the general public|
|Format||Formal intellectual formats; graphs and charts; scholarly illustrations||Slick and glossy with attractive format; photographs and drawings to enhance their appeal|
|Sources||Usually cite sources with footnotes and/or bibliographies||May mention, but seldom cite, any sources|
|Language||Technical terminology (with which the reader is assumed to be familiar) of the discipline||Informal language appropriate to a broad-based audience|
|Advertising||May contain selective specialty advertising||Contain extensive advertising|
|Examples||Journal of Nutrition
American Journal of Education
Applied Nursing Research
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